实用英语语法精华班  
第25节 反意疑问句  
主讲人:徐国庆  
主要涉及强调句、倒装句、省略句、反  
意疑问句、祈使句、感叹句以及其它特  
殊句式如there be 句型等。  
反意疑问句是考试经常考查的语法项目  
之一,考查的重点是:祈使句和含有宾  
语从句的主从复合句的反意疑问句及句  
尾的附加成分等。  
主要考点有:  
1. 祈使句的判断  
2. 祈使句固定结构  
3. 反意疑问句一般用法及特殊用法  
知识要点  
反意疑问句相当于“对不对?”“好不好?”“行  
不行?”,用yes或 no 回答。由两部分组成,  
前一部分是陈述句,后一部分是附加疑问短语,  
中间用逗号隔开,所以反意疑问句又叫附加疑问  
句。通常的形式是:肯定的陈述句+否定的附加  
疑问,或否定的陈述句+肯定的附加疑问。如:  
He studies English, doesn’t he?  
He doesn’t study English, does he?  
They are from America, aren’t they?  
They are not from America, are they?  
反意疑问句的主要考点  
一、陈述句如果是there be句型,则附加疑问句  
要用there充当主语,而不用it或者they来与存  
在句中的主语保持一致:  
1. There is a cup on the table, isn’t there?  
2. There were lots of people over there,  
weren’t there?  
3. There’s nothing wrong, is there?  
二、陈述句的主语如果是everyone  
everybody),someone (somebody),  
(
anyone (anybody),no one,nobody,  
则在附加疑问句中通常使用they,尤其是在  
口语中。但是,使用he也是正确的:  
1
. Somebody borrowed my pen  
yesterday, didn’t they?  
. No one was injured in the car  
accident, were they?  
. Someone died here yesterday,  
2
3
didn’t they?  
但在正式语体中也可以见到用he的实例:  
Everyone knows his name, doesn’t  
he?  
三、陈述句的主语如果是this,that,  
these,those,则附加疑问句中的主语要  
分别用it或they:  
1. That is your hat, isn’t it?  
2. Those are ugly, aren’t they?  
四、附加疑问句通常要重复复合句中主句的  
主语,但主句中如果含有I think /suppose /  
expect /believe /imagine /fancy /suspect这  
样的主谓  
结构,则附加疑问句应重复that从句中的主语:  
1
. I suppose you are not serious, are you?  
. I expect you will have a good time there,  
2
won’t you?  
3. I don’t believe he has finished, has he?  
五、否定转移句的附加疑问句,其主语应  
重复that从句的主语:  
1
. I don’t think you can do these  
exercises alone, can you?  
. I don’t imagine he cares, does  
he?  
2
3. I don’t think she knows French,  
does she?  
六、在Let’s与Let us (me)句后的附加疑问句  
的主语是不同的:  
1
2
3
. Let’s go for a walk, shall we?  
. Let us go shopping, will you?  
. Now, let me have a look at that project,  
will  
you?  
七、陈述句的主语如果是one,则附加疑  
问句的主语应当用one(英国英语)或he(美  
国英语): One can’t be too careful,  
can one?/ can he?  
八、祈使句的主语为第三人称时,附加疑  
问句  
的主语既可用you,也可用they:  
Somebody open this door, will you?/  
will they?  
九、在含used to的陈述句之后,附加疑问句要  
使用助动词did,但亦可使用use(d)n’t:  
1
. They used to write to you, didn’t  
they?  
. There used to be a cinema here,  
2
use(d)n’t there?  
十、在含I am的陈述句之后,附加疑问句的助动  
词不使用am not,而使用aren’t(英国英语)  
或am’t(美国英语):  
1. I am late, aren’t I? / am’t I?  
2. I’m doing well, aren’t I?/ am’t I?  
十一、祈使句为肯定句时,附加疑问句可  
使用will you/ won’t you,can you/  
can’t you。在否定的祈使句之后,附加  
疑问句应使用will you或can you:  
1
. Don’t make noise, will you?/ can  
you?  
. Don’t tell Joe, will you?  
2
十二、陈述句中含有助动词ought to时,附加  
疑问句既可使用oughtn’t,也可使用  
shouldn’t:  
1
. We ought to go now, shouldn’t we?  
. We ought to buy a new car, oughtn’t  
2
we?  
十三、陈述句中含有助动词must时,附加疑  
问句使用什么样的助动词,依must的含义而  
定: a) must作“必须”解时,附加疑问句可  
以重复must或改用need:  
1. He must keep his word, mustn’t  
he?  
2. They must clean the floor after  
school, needn’t they?  
b) 当must not作“禁止”解时, 附加疑问句要用  
may: 1. I must not go any further, may I?  
2. They mustn’t take the book out of the  
reading-room, may they?  
c) must作“一定”、“准是”解时,附加疑问句  
的助动词要与must后面的动词相照应:  
1. They must be playing football, aren’ t they?  
2. You must have misheard, haven’t you?  
3. It must have rained last night, didn’t it?  
十四、当I wish表示征求对方意见时,附加疑  
问句可用may:I wish to have a rest now, may I?  
十五、hardly, scarcely, seldom, rarely, little, few  
等叫做半否定副词。含有这些半否定词的句子无论在句意上, 还是在  
句法上, 都具有否定句的特点。因此这类句子的附加疑问句, 应采取  
肯定形式:  
1. He scarcely knew a word of English, did he?  
2. You seldom work on Sundays, do you?  
3. He had little time to spare, did he?  
十六、当主句的动词have 表示“拥有”时,附加疑问  
既可用have也可用do:  
1. You have a color TV set, haven’t you/  
don’t you?当主句的have不表示“拥有”而表示其  
他意思时,附加疑问要用do:1. You had a cold  
yesterday, didn’t you?  
2. They don’t have coffee with breakfast, do  
they?  
十七、带有否定前缀的词虽然具有否定意义,  
但含有这种词的句子仍被看作是肯定句:  
1. That is impossible, isn’t it?  
2. He was unhappy about this, wasn’t  
he?  
. Tom was unfair, wasn’t he?  
3
十八、当陈述部分是主从复合句时,疑问  
部分中的动词和代词应和主句中的动词和  
主语保持一致,而不是和从句中的动词和  
主语保持一致:  
1
. They know that he is from England,  
don’t they?  
. He told me he would go there  
tomorrow, didn’t he?  
2
十九、并列句的反意疑问句其疑问部分一般  
与最接近的分句的谓语保持一致:  
1
. We must start at once or we can’t go there  
on  
time, can we?  
2. He is a teacher but his wife isn’t a teacher, is  
she?  
二十、反意疑问句的回答要克服中文思维,  
用事实进行回答, 是就用yes, 不是就用no:  
1
. ---You aren’t a lawyer, are you?  
--Yes, I am.  
. ---He hasn’t been to the Great Wall,  
has he?  
--No, he hasn’t.  
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