大学英语四级  
短文写作真题解析1  
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内容提要  
第一部分:题型分析及高分技巧  
第二部分:201612月四级第一套卷短文写作解析  
第三部分:20176月四级第一套卷短文写作解析  
第四部分:201712月四级第一套卷短文写作解析  
第五部分:20186月四级第一套卷短文写作解析  
大学英语四级考试短文写作  
题型分析及高分技巧  
第一章  
一、大纲评价目标  
大学英语四级考试写作部分的评价目标:  
能完成一般性的写作任务,能描述个人经历、观  
感、情感和发生的事件等,能写常见的应用文,能  
就一般性话题或提纲在半小时内写出120-180词的  
短文,内容基本完整,用词恰当,语义连贯。能掌  
握基本的写作技能。”  
二、题型介绍  
测试能力包括:用英语进行书面表达的能力。  
英译汉所占分值比例15%。  
考试时间30分钟。  
选用考生熟悉的题材,要求考生根据规定的题  
目和所提供的提纲、情景、图片或图表等,写出  
一篇不少于120词、不多于180词的短文。  
三、评分标准  
档次  
评分标准  
切题。表达思想清楚,文字通顺、连贯,基本上无语言错误,  
仅有个别小错。  
1
1
3-15分  
0-12分  
切题。表达思想清楚,文字较连贯,但有少量语言错误。  
基本切题。有些地方表达思想不够清楚,文字勉强连贯;语  
言错误相当多,其中有一些是严重错误。  
基本切题。表达思想不清楚,连贯性差。有较多的严重语言  
错误。  
7
4
1
-9分  
-6分  
-3分  
条理不清,思路紊乱,语言支离破碎或大部分句子均有错误,  
且多数为严重错误。  
0
未作答,或只有几个孤立的词,或作文与主题毫不相关。  
四、考核要求  
写作部分要求文章思想表达清楚,意义连贯,无重大  
语法错误;它主要考核以下技能:  
A. 思想表达  
1
2
3
)表达中心思想;  
)表达重要或特定信息;  
)表达观点、态度等;  
B. 篇章组织  
4
)围绕所给的题目叙述、议论或描述,突出重点;  
)连贯地组句成段,组段成篇。  
5
四、考核要求  
C. 语言运用  
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8
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1
)运用恰当的词汇;  
)运用正确的语法;  
)运用合适的句子结构;  
)使用正确的标点符号;  
0)使用衔接手段表达句间的关系(如对比、原  
因、结果、程度、目的等)  
四、考核要求  
D. 写作格式  
1)运用正确的符合英语表达习惯的写作格式  
1
五、命题分析  
1. 从近几年的四级写作题目来看,主要涉及校园生  
活和社会热点相关话题。  
2. 考生平时要多关注身边社会热点,多积累一些相关  
话题词汇或短语,多读一些主流媒体刊发的英语文章,  
China Daily, 21st Century, Newsweek等。  
六、高分技巧  
1. 开篇  
开头精彩的作文往往能够取得较高分数。开头有以下  
几种写法:  
1)下定义法  
Blog is a website where a person writes regularly  
about recent events or topics that interest them,  
usually with photos and links to other websites  
that they find interesting.  
六、高分技巧  
2) 提问题法  
Can you imagine a world without the Internet?  
3) 引用法  
A proverb says, “Time is money”. However, I  
think time is more precious than money.  
六、高分技巧  
4) 陈述法  
It is widely acknowledged that the computer and  
other machines have become an indispensable  
part of our life that makes our life and work more  
comfortable and convenient.  
六、高分技巧  
5) 图画或图表描述法  
As is shown/described in the picture  
above, …  
As is shown in the graph, …  
六、高分技巧  
2. 主题脉络清晰  
主题段落多用来分析现象和表达观点,行文时应注  
重逻辑性和条理性。  
1
)段落中多使用起承转合的过渡词会增加文章的条  
理性:  
first of all, in the first place, to begin with,  
nowadays;  
besides, moreover, in addition, what is more;  
六、高分技巧  
for example, for instance, takeas an  
example;  
nevertheless, yet, instead, on the contrary,  
in spite of等;  
in brief, in conclusion, as a result, above  
all, to sum up, as I have said等。  
六、高分技巧  
2)善于变换用词和句式  
长短句搭配  
插入语和同位语的灵活使用  
倒装、强调、定语从句和状语从句的灵活使用  
表达同一个意思时,尽量使用不同的词汇  
六、高分技巧  
3
)结尾简明扼要  
一般以总结观点或提出建议结尾。  
如果总结观点,切记点题,可换一种表达重  
申自己的观点;  
如果是提出建议,可加上总括性或展望性的  
表达。  
六、高分技巧  
A. 总括性的句子:  
In short; In conclusion; In a word; In brief; To  
sum up等  
B. 建议性的句式:  
My suggestion is ;  
The best way to solve the problem is ;  
六、高分技巧  
C. 号召性的句式:  
It is high time that …;  
Let’s take action to …;  
D. 观点性的句式:  
As far as I am concerned;  
In my opinion, …;  
201612月大学英语四  
第二章  
级第一套卷短文写作解析  
2
01612月第一套卷短文写作  
Part I Writing (30 minutes)  
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30  
minutes to write an essay. Suppose you have  
two options upon graduation: one is to go to  
a graduate school. You are to make a  
choice between the two. Write an essay to  
explain the reasons for your choice. You  
should write at least 120 words but no more  
than 180 words.  
2
01612月第一套卷短文写作  
审题分析  
1
2
3
. 第一段抛出问题,以问题为背景引出自己的观点:  
选择读研。  
. 第二段解释自己要读研的理由。可分述两到三点  
原因。  
. 第三段总结全文,重申观点:读研比就业更好。  
2
01612月第一套卷短文写作  
第一段:  
Upon graduation, every college student is  
facing such a difficult problem as what to do  
next. For some students, they hold the opinion  
that they should give priority to searching for a  
job. For others, they believe that going to a  
graduate school will benefit them more. As for  
me, I would prefer to pursue my postgraduate  
studies.  
2
01612月第一套卷短文写作  
第二段:  
For one thing, I don’t think what I have learned during  
my college years is enough. I cherish the opportunity  
to learn more before stepping into the society. ③  
Therefore I would like to continue my further studies as a  
graduate student. For another, it is quite common that  
undergraduates have difficulty in finding a perfect job  
after their graduation nowadays. With a Master’s  
degree I could have a better chance to win an ideal job,  
thus having a brighter future.  
2
01612月第一套卷短文写作  
第三段:  
In short, I believe that It would be better for  
me to attend graduate school after I graduate  
from my college instead of finding a job  
immediately.  
第三章 20176月大学英  
语四级第一套卷短文写作  
20176月第一套卷短文写作  
Directions:  
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30  
minutes to write an advertisement on your  
campus website to sell some of the course  
books you used at college. Your advertisement  
may include a brief description of their content,  
their condition ,their price and your contact  
information. You should write at least 120  
words but no more than 180 words.  
2
0176月第一套卷短文写作  
审题分析  
1
2
3
. 第一段进行自我介绍,然后直接引入写作话题:  
出售旧教科书。  
. 第二段介绍所售教科书的种类、新旧程度、价格、  
赠品等。  
. 第三段交代卖家的联系方式,并指出方便联系或  
拜访的时间。  
2
0176月第一套卷短文写作  
标题:  
Used Course Books on Sale  
第一段:  
I’m a sophomore from Department of English. Since I  
have finished the courses of the first year, I decide to  
sell all of my used course books.  
2
0176月第一套卷短文写作  
第二段:  
The course books include reading, writing,  
translation, as well as listening. Some of the  
course books are almost new, even without any  
notes on them. You can get them at half of their  
original price. I’d like to note that if you buy 5 of  
my books at a time, I will present you two tutorial  
books as a gift. Thanks to the two tutorial books,  
I passed the TEM4 examination with a high score.  
Gifts are limited, so first come first served.  
2
0176月第一套卷短文写作  
第三段:  
If you are interested in those used course  
books, please contact me at the number of  
8000002121. Or come to my dormitory  
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and have a look. I am available at 7:30  
pm every day.  
第四章 201712月第一  
套卷短文写作解析  
201712月第一套卷短文写作解析  
Directions:  
For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to  
write a short essay on how to best handle the  
relationship between parents and children.  
You should write at least120 words but no  
more than 180 words.  
201712月第一套卷短文写作解析  
审题分析  
. 第一段讲述亲子关系的重要性,以及这种关系  
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包含的积极和消极的方面,然后引入写作话题:  
如何以最好的方式处理父母与子女的关系。  
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. 第二段介绍当父母与子女的关系破裂后如何修  
复这种关系。  
. 第三段总结评价,提出父母与子女之间的关系  
不好处理,需要双方共同努力。  
3
2
01712月第一套卷短文写作  
第一段:  
The parent-child relationship is one of the longest  
social ties human beings establish, and this tie is  
often highly positive and supportive but it also  
commonly includes feelings of irritation and tension.  
So how to best handle the relationship is a hot  
topic worth exploring.  
2
01712月第一套卷短文写作  
第二段:  
Broken relationships between parents and their grown  
children are very common, which is a painful situation for  
everyone involved. Here are two points you should keep in  
mind as you seek to reconnect. Firstly, you must respect your  
parents. If your parents initially reject your efforts, don’t write  
them off. Let them know that you love them. This is just as  
painful for them as it is for you and chances are that they will  
want to reconcile as well. Secondly, it is advisable for  
children to spend more time accompanying their parents,  
enhancing the affection between each other.  
2
01712月第一套卷短文写作  
第三段:  
On the whole, how to best handle the relationship  
between parents and children can be tricky, which  
requires the joint effort of both parents and children.  
第五章 20186月大学英语  
四级第一套卷短文写作解析  
2
0186月第一套卷短文写作  
Directions:  
For this part, you are allowed 30minutes to write a short essay on the  
importance of reading ability and how to develop it.  
You should write at least 120 words but no more than180 words.  
2
0186月第一套卷短文写作  
审题分析  
第一段阐明写作的重要性。点明主旨。  
第二段如何培养写作能力。  
第三段总结全文,重申主题。  
2
0186月第一套卷短文写作  
第一段:  
As a famous saying goes, “writing expresses  
who you are as a person.It is the primary  
basis upon which our learning, work and  
intellect will be judged---in college, in the  
workplace and in the community. Therefore,  
more should be focused on improving the  
writing ability.  
2
0186月第一套卷短文写作  
第二段:  
To develop the writing ability, in my view, one of the most  
efficient ways is to read. In that process, there are chances  
that we pick up new vocabularies and engage in different  
writing styles. Furthermore, classic thoughts and quotes  
can be applied to our writing works. Secondly, it is  
worthwhile to re-read your written work to modify errors and  
polish the language. As is widely known, correct grammar,  
punctuation and spelling are key in written communications.  
Lastly, we should develop the habit of writing. Writing  
every day for a certain amount of time is beneficial to form  
your own specific writing style.  
2
0186月第一套卷短文写作  
第三段:  
To conclude, the writing ability is quite  
essential to everyone. And extensive  
reading, re-reading and frequent writing  
are three key ways to improve it.  
The end!